Languages of Macedonia
See language map.
The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (FYROM)(sic*). 2,071,210. National or official language: Macedonian. Part of Yugoslavia until 1991. Different from the region of Greece with the name Macedonia(sic*). Also includes Greek. Information mainly from B. Comrie 1987; W. Browne 1989, 1996. The number of languages listed for Macedonia is 9. Of those, all are living languages.
[ady] A few villages in Macedonia. Alternate names: West Circassian, Adygey. Classification: North Caucasian, West Caucasian, Circassian
[aln] 600,000 in Macedonia (2002). Alternate names: Geg. Classification: Indo-European, Albanian, Gheg
Balkan Gagauz Turkish
[bgx] 4,000 in Macedonia and Greece. Macedonian Gagauz dialect in the Kumanovo area, Yuruk dialect in the Bitola area. Alternate names: Balkan Turkic. Dialects: Macedonian Gagauz, Yuruk (Yoruk, Konyar). Classification: Altaic, Turkic, Southern, Turkish
[mkd] 1,386,000 in Macedonia (1986). Population total all countries: 1,598,247. The northern dialect is in Kumanovo-Kratovo Region; the southeastern dialect around Gevgelija, Strumica, and Lake Dojran; the western dialect has one subdialect in the Veles, Prilep, Kichevo, and Bitola Region, and another in the Debar-Galchnik Region. Also spoken in Albania, Bulgaria, Canada, Greece, Hungary, Slovenia. Alternate names: Makedonski, Slavic, Macedonian Slavic. Dialects: Northern Macedonian, Southeastern Macedonian, Western Macedonian. The standard dialect was recognized in 1944. Classification: Indo-European, Slavic, South, Eastern
[rmn] 120,000 in Macedonia and Serbia and Montenegro. Population includes 100,000 Arlija, 20,000 Dzambazi. Balkans. Dialects: Arlija, Dzambazi, Tinners Romani. Classification: Indo-European, Indo-Iranian, Indo-Aryan, Central zone, Romani, Balkan
[rup] 8,467 in Macedonia (1994 official figures). Concentrated in the regions of Skopje, Stip, Bitola, Krusevo, and Struga, and in Ohrid, Kocani-Vinica, Sveti Nikole, Kumanovo, and Gevgelija. Alternate names: Arumanian, Aromunian, Armina, Macedo-Rumanian. Classification: Indo-European, Italic, Romance, Eastern
[ruq] 2,000 in Macedonia (2002 Nicholas). Classification: Indo-European, Italic, Romance, Eastern
[srp] Dialects: Serbian. Classification: Indo-European, Slavic, South, Western
[tur] 200,000 in Macedonia (1982). Alternate names: Osmanli. Dialects: Macedonian, Dinler. Classification: Altaic, Turkic, Southern, Turkish
This web edition of the Ethnologue contains all the content of the print edition and may be cited as:
Gordon, Raymond G., Jr. (ed.), 2005. Ethnologue: Languages of the World, Fifteenth edition. Dallas, Tex.: SIL International. Online version: http://www.ethnologue.com/.
*added by makedonika